When it comes to teaching techniques to beginners in the world of video production, there are many things you learn that have a high level of importance that no one really thinks about. One aspect of video production that is often unnoticed by viewers is lighting.
Lighting is one of the most important keys in making a quality video, but no one seems to realize it. Often you see when people are needing to make video content on a budget, one of the first things to axe is the lighting equipment. Most people think that if a shoot is during the day that sunlight will be enough and they don’t need any extra lights. The thing is the weather can constantly change. There’s also always the chance that you are shooting inside for a scene and you get there is not enough natural light for your scene and you need additional lighting. Then what do you do.
Lighting can affect a lot of things in a video shoot. You may not notice what it can affect, but that’s why were writing about it to tell you.
Reasons why lighting is need in video production:
- Lighting can determine the mood of the video
Notice how you get a cold feeling on the back of your neck when your watching horror movies. The way the scene is lighted will have something to do it with that. Contrast and shadows can have more of an effect on a film scene than you know. Even in TV commercials or online content.
- Poor lighting = more time in the editing room
If your lighting on a set is not really up to snuff, it means your editors are going to end up paying for your mistake. Unless of course you want to go back and re-shoot the scenes, but that means even more time needed to complete your project (never good because more time means more money). If not that means your editors will have to do their best to fix the lighting in the editing software. Which could make the editing process longer.
- Light determines the quality of your project
If lighting isn’t done properly, a video production can go from top quality to a cheap video. Often you see bad examples of commercials either using too much artificial light or too little. Think about it, if a commercial came on TV that was low quality with so much artificial light where it looks like a home movie, would you still by that company’s product? (I’m guessing probably not-I wouldn’t).
Even basic lighting in a production will make a huge difference on a set. One technique that is known by most people in video production is three point lighting. It’s one of the most versatile lighting techniques and is pretty much the most basic one, but this one technique will make a huge difference in your production.
Three Point Lighting:
- Key light:
This is the main light of the three and is placed to the side of the camera and is the main light that helps light the subject of the video.
- Fill Light:
Fill light is the secondary light and is always placed on the opposite side from the key light. Helping to fill shadows casted by the key light.
- Back Light:
Back light speaks for itself. It is the light that is placed on the back of the subject you are shooting. It helps distinguish the subject from the background of the scene and give them a three-dimensional look on camera.
Just using this basic technique of three point lighting will improve your video production’s quality immensely. There is noticeable difference in work that looks professional and work that doesn’t. Big part of that is lighting.